Pakistan has longer-range nuclear weapons, such as the Shaheen 3 missile that can reach India’s Andaman Islands near Southeast Asia. For the United States, it would be sheer naiveté to adopt no-first-use … Thank you for blogging on this important topic.

Pakistan’s nuclear program aims at thwarting adversaries’ (mostly India’s) conventional and potential nuclear attacks. Pakistan has protested India's decision and is trying to internationalise the issue, but has so far been unsuccessful. © 1998-2019 Zee Media Corporation Ltd (An Essel Group Company), All There’s also the problem that its existing arsenal is not really suited to any of its tactical objectives. We have a saying in the military, ‘Don’t take the first step till you think of the end step’, he said adding that they have thought of it all. In a statement to the Conference on Disarmament on Oct. 14, Indian Ambassador Pankaj Sharma reiterated that—even as tensions with neighboring China heat up—his country remains committed to its doctrine that it will not use its nuclear weapons against an adversary unless first attacked with them. Prior to joining IPRI, he worked at the Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad (ISSI) and was an intern with Pakistan's Senate Standing Committee on Defence.

Israel does not acknowledge the existence of its nuclear arsenal so has no publicly known position. The way a state moves forward on its procurement policies can help lend credence to or belie its declared posture.

India was listed among those countries which have nuclear power," he added. India has been following the policy of no first use since the time of former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who announced it after the Pokhran nuclear tests in 1998. For a country facing two nuclear-armed adversaries—China and Pakistan, both of which have territorial aims against India and maintain a strategic alliance by targeting it—India’s nuclear arsenal remains relatively modest: 150 atomic warheads and perhaps 50-60 missiles. Sharma’s message, though, amounts to a categorical rejection of both facts. Another explanation is that India doesn’t think it needs the added deterrence. Having said this, Pakistani security planners decided to adopt a FU policy option after analyzing the Cold War debate on FU and NFU, wherein the proponents of NFU failed to convince the United States to renounce FU policy. “What you need to know is not about the weapon or the capacity but the confidence of the nation and decision-making body,” he said. And that stance has made good military and diplomatic sense. Follow SAMAA English on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. “You can’t put a price on someone’s respect and you should remember what happened on February 27.”. The Indian Army, New Limited War Doctrine.” Covering the justification on the failure of Operation Parakram and salient parameters of the Cold Start doctrine, the author prescribed the perceived advantages of this doctrine to India. A NFU posture would be consistent with foregoing tactical nuclear weapons. Any preemptive targeting of Pakistani atomic assets, for example, would consume most of that arsenal, leaving India utterly vulnerable to a Chinese strike. Your email address will not be published. He holds a Bachelor of Arts in Journalism and Economics from the Government College University (GC), Faisalabad; and has a master's degree in Strategic & Nuclear Studies (S&NS) from the National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad. Pakistan doesn’t have a no first use policy, ISPR chief Major General Asif Ghafoor told the media during a briefing on Wednesday. One way to distinguish between a First Use and NFU posture is to look at force structure. Harsh V. Pant is director of research at Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi, and professor of international relations at King’s College London. First use can have a non-nuclear deterrence purpose but only if a non-nuclear threat to national survival exists or is perceived to exist. The ruling Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) government was following the same viewpoint that had led to the creation of Pakistan, Khan noted, accentuating that what the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) — the ideology of which he had underscored earlier was what the BJP was following — was perpetrating in India was inhumane. He also has a Diploma in Strategic Studies and Disarmament from the Strategic Studies Institute, Islamabad (SSII). It has even miniaturised warheads for use as tactical nuclear weapons in the battlefield. Despite this, the United States relied on the policy of nuclear FU. Your email address will not be published. This is no longer a Pakistan-India or ideological or geographical issue, he said. However, he remained rational to some extent while describing the implications of this doctrine by providing that, “As the Indian military enhances its ability to implement Cold Start, it is simultaneously degrading the chance that diplomacy could diffuse a crisis on the subsequent.”. If a state enjoys this advantage, it would have no reason to rely on First Use, even if this is its stated doctrine. This will alert our moderators to take action.

Addressing the International Sikh Convention’s closing session, Khan reiterated that he had conveyed to India that if New Delhi took one step for progress with Pakistan, Islamabad would take two more. File Photo Ever since 1998, when the country went nuclear, New Delhi has rejected the idea of initiating the use of such weapons in any conflict scenario. “This is the future of our children, we have to make it successful,” he said. In the early days of the Cold War, the United States enjoyed conventional military superiority over the Kremlin.

The statement comes after Indian defence minister Rajnath Singh recently stated that India must reconsider its No first use policy on Nuclear Weapons. He also urged people to cooperate with the polio campaign.

India and China both have declared no-first-use policies, whereas Pakistan and the United States, among others, do not rule out the first use of nuclear weapons in a conflict. No first use means India would not be the first to use nuclear weapons in case of a conflict. Modi’s government will try to increase atrocities and inbuilt violence and equate it with terrorism, and call the independence fight terrorism, he said. To be sure, against the backdrop of Sino-Indian military tensions, calls in India for New Delhi to leverage its nukes for deterrence will grow. Military spokesman Major General Asif Ghafoor at a media briefing was asked about the statement by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh who said last month that India may see a major shift in its nuclear weapons doctrine by doing away with a 'no first use …

Discussing Kashmir, he said the situation poses a threat to overall peace in the region. China’s rise has brought the world’s two largest democracies closer. 3) The United States could retain an option of ‘no early first use’ that would not mean U.S. departure from its security assurances to its allies.

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