Then, the book says that his nephew Marcus Claudius Marcellus died soon after Augustus' unexpected recovery "of the same fever". In this way, Marcellus publicized the winning of the spolia opima and turned it into a legend. Battling Hannibal in southern Italy and then famously capturing Syracuse …

Marcellus gained the most prestigious award a Roman general could earn, the spolia opima, for killing the Gallic military leader and king Viridomarus in hand-to-hand combat in 222 BC at the Battle of Clastidium. [25][26][27], The new theater that was under construction at the foot of the Capitoline Hill was named the Theater of Marcellus by Augustus in his honor. In terms of the history of the spolia opima, Marcellus holds great significance because he reinvigorated the meaning of the honored prize.

When Marcellus first saw the finely dressed warrior, he did not recognize him as a king, but merely a man with the nicest armor. No one else accomplished the same feat to continue the tradition. During the second campaign in 25 BC, Marcellus and Tiberius were military tribunes with special aedile powers. Active in both the First and Second Punic Wars, he also won honours for his campaigns in Gaul and the capture of Mediolanum (modern Milan). During the second campaign in 25 BC, Marcellus and Tiberius were military tribunes with special aedile powers. Rome was in turmoil and another dictator was appointed. [9], Early life: distinguished soldier and politician. After successfully storming the city, Marcellus had 2,000 Roman deserters (who had been hiding in the city) killed, and moved to lay siege to Syracuse itself. This has significance because Syracuse was a Greek city filled with Greek culture, art and architecture. [5][6][7], Not much is known about his education except that he was taught philosophy by Nestor the Stoic alongside his cousin Tiberius who had moved into Octavia's house following the death of his father Tiberius Claudius Nero in 33 BC. However, Hieronymus was soon deposed; the new Syracusan leaders attempted a reconciliation with Rome, but could not quell their suspicions and then aligned themselves with the Carthaginians. But it is Marcellus’ triumph as a warrior and winner of a spolia opima that confirmed his place in ancient Roman history. The spolia opima, meaning richest spoils, is known in Roman history as the most prestigious and honorable prize that a general can earn.

[2], Sextus Propertius and Virgil connect Marcellus to his famous (alleged) ancestor Marcus Claudius Marcellus, a famous general who fought in the Second Punic War. [2], The final period of Marcus Claudius Marcellus’ life began with his fourth election to Roman consul in 210 BC. Then Marcellus and Hannibal fought a battle at Numistro, where a clear victory could not be decided, although Rome claimed a victory. Black Friday Sale! An aedile was an overseer of public buildings and festivals and an enforcer of public order. [2] Representatives of Sicilian cities presented themselves before the senate to complain about Marcellus' past actions. Octavius also had money distributed to the children of Rome in Marcellus' name.

After this meeting, Marcellus earned the title of proconsul. Marcellus’ early career came to a close in 222 BC, at which time he achieved greater historical importance upon his election as consul of the Roman Republic—the highest political office and military position in ancient Rome. Plutarch also emphasized the service of Marcellus as "the civilizer of Rome," one of the first to bring Greek art and learning to the Italian city. [3] The terms between the Romans and Gauls were accepted and the Gallic war ended. For a third time, Marcellus defended Nola from Hannibal and even captured the small but significant town of Casilinum.


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