Learn concrete tips and practical techniques you can immediately start using! He further developed the foundational views of morality upon which a lot of modern philosophical thinking in place. Reviewed some important philosophical concepts nonetheless and I felt like I was learning along the way. To read more about ethics and ethics theories click here. easiest intro to philosophy .it's better to describe it as intro for intro as it's very fundamental just explaining meaning of philosphical terms . In fact, it is the most practical philosophy in the whole world, or at least some believe it to be (including me, of course). Be the first to ask a question about Philosophy 101. How can we prove the existence of something? In the world of philosophy, Aesthetics refers to the study of everything related to beauty, art, and good taste. Details the works and views of Baron d'Holbach, William James, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jean Grimshaw and Simone de Beauvoir. The Greek philosopher Zeno of Citium was the founder. Mygestaltherapy.com is recompensed for referring buyers to Amazon.com. Take the Philosophy 101 final exam directly on the Study.com site. Use this cheat sheet to better understand the big ideas of some of history’s greatest thinkers. Brief history reviews of key philosophers and philosophy topics... up to Emanuel Kant and to be continued... A helpful overview of a bunch of men I knew nothing about but had heard of before. I will first answer a few of the general questions that some of you may have, then I will proceed to introduce you to the central subjects or branches of philosophy. Enjoyed engaging with the ideas, and the short overview of each topic. It deals with things like right and wrong, morality, virtue, and duty. For instance, if your average quiz score is 85%, you'll receive 85 out of 100 possible points for quizzes. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. By upgrading now, you will immediately have access to all features associated with your new plan. In reality, we have an obligation to comply with the law. Why should the constituents follow any of the laws set by the government? For example, about idealism, which is a major philosophical concept, is very little said. The author is obviously very well educated in philosophy and knows his history and the fault is not his. At the end of each chapter, you can complete a chapter test to see if you're ready to move on or have some material to review. Seneca wrote a moral essay “On The Shortness of Life,” where he reminds us that our time is limited. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Despite the title, this book is tough to follow for readers who are just getting acquainted with philosophy. A modos que para sentir a dita. For example, you know that there is an apple on your desk – For this to be true you need to believe there is an apple, it needs to be true that the apple is there, and you have to justify it. We will send you an email with your official exam results within 1 to 2 weeks. think for yourself. Then another person asks them questions that push the first individual to defend their position. And Ontological Arguments Explained, Smart people are more prone to having an existential crisis, Ethos, Pathos, And Logos Explained With Examples. When you've completed the course, the highest scores from your first 3 attempts at each quiz will be averaged together and weighed against the total possible points for quizzes. Defines philosophy in science, and discusses Occam's razor, Locke's causal theory of perception, the scientific method and the philosophy of Blaise Pascal. No matter how closely we can perceive something (this one-inch cube of ice in my hand is cold, hard, odorless, opaque), we can never fully understand the “thing-in-itself,” or the essence of what something truly is. While we don’t know the actual look of the world, we are at least aware that our view is just perception, not reality. Some of them are the widely known Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius, who were all stoics. there was only one chapter on eastern philosophy, which included one paragraph on confucianism. Kant called this ethical test the “categorical imperative”; he believed that applying it to every action, even if it goes against one’s self-interest, and following the set of rules it implies (don’t lie, cheat, steal, etc. He is an astronaut. Defines and lists types of skepticism. That spills over to reading. You will then need to retake the final exam. https://www.philosophybasics.com/branch_logic.html Also, some sources leave out logic and politics in their lists. Complete Philosophy 101 by watching video lessons and taking short quizzes. Is there a God? In contrast, we throw away our time, mainly because we are not aware that it is a finite resource. Oh, finally, this is one of my favorites. are u kidding me. Typically, “the best action” is relative to the theory of ethics that you follow or agree with. Once you take the test, you will receive Metaphysics (also called Philosophy of Mind), as its name suggests, is about that which is beyond the physical realm. I read this mainly to find out topics I want to further read about. How can our disembodied minds control or affect our physical bodies? When we pay taxes just because the law says we have to, we are complying with the law just as we would do if a criminal points a gun at us and tells us to give them our wallet. For example, while moral philosophy is concerned with what’s right, epistemology focuses on the nature of knowledge. There are also divisions like continental philosophy and analytic philosophy. Revolutionary figures of the 19th and 20th centuries, such as Karl Marx, used Hegel’s formula to influence their arguments. Lesson 2 - Euthyphro & Plato's Beliefs on Ethics, Lesson 3 - Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics: Summary & Analysis, Lesson 4 - Stoicism & The Meditations by Marcus Aurelius, Lesson 5 - Divine Command Theory: Definition & Ethics, Lesson 6 - Thomas Hobbes' The Descriptive Natural Law, Lesson 7 - Immanuel Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals, Lesson 8 - Utilitarian Ethics: Epicurus, Bentham & Mill, Lesson 9 - Ethical Subjectivism: Hume, Spinoza & Santayana, Lesson 10 - Ethical Relativism & Ruth Benedict's Anthropology and the Abnormal, Lesson 11 - Ethical Absolutism & W.T. The main objective of stoicism is to reach the state of apatheia, which is the absence of emotional reactions to external events. What is Philosophy • Bertrand Russell Philosophy is an intermediary of theology and Science • Philosophy is not a world view • Etymology of the Word “Love of Wisdom” 3. However, in reality, we don’t owe anything. George Clooney is a man. At the time, most of the previous emperors were tyrants who burned people alive for fun. In this section, I will introduce you to the core concepts of philosophy and some of the most popular philosophical questions and subjects too. Why do we have an obligation to obey the law? Ancient, Modern & Contemporary Epistemology Flashcards, Flashcards - Still, science is a human invention, and like everything human, it is fallible. What do we mean by virtue? What is the point of this whole thing we call “life”? But Marcus Aurelius was different, he was a good emperor who actually did good things for his people. Unfortunately for Socrates, they were not ready to see it. Philosophy Degree Programs with Course Information. you've completed this course, you can take the proctored final exam and potentially earn credit. It is a study that asks big questions like what is knowledge? And Ontological Arguments Explained. The word atom literally means “indivisible,” and indeed, they can’t be divided (except for unstable atoms in nuclear materials, but that’s another story).

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